Top 5 Programming Languages to Learn for App Development

This guest post was provided by John Coyle for Drexel University Online. Drexel Online has been offering high quality technology degrees in multiple disciplines since 1996.

When it comes to which programming language works best for app development, one must take certain factors into consideration. Overall, the best programming language is determined by the platform on which the app is being developed. It is best to focus on the range and function of applications, overall methodology, and how easy it is to master the language. For most of the application platforms out there today, there are five programming languages that stand out among the rest when it comes to app development.

1. JavaScript

JavaScript is the overall basic language of the internet. It is a scripting language that allows code to be written in various unique ways. Its universal properties make it a very accessible programming language for app developers to use in all areas. One of the primary benefits of JavaScript is how functional it can be across multiple devices. JavaScript is used in applications for web pages, widgets, and specific website browsers. Compared to other programming languages, JavaScript is relatively simple and great for beginner app developers.

2. Java

Not to be confused with JavaScript, Java is the basic and recommended language for developing applications on the Android operating system. It is a language that categorizes objects and data together based on similar functions and properties. One of the biggest advantages of using Java is that there is no requirement to use Microsoft’s .NET framework. In a sense, if a developer creates a mobile app, it would work even without the typical framework. This programming language is set up similarly to other programming languages, allowing an easy transition for more advanced developers. Although both JavaScript and Java sound similar, the two programming languages function very differently. The only similarity is the structure.

3. Objective-C

When it comes to developing applications for the Apple operating system, Objective-C is the default programming language to learn. Much like Java, Objective-C is an object-oriented language. Basically, this means that it is a programming language that is organized around objects and data rather than actions and logic. One of the features of Objective-C is the use of categories that allow the addition of new functions and programs provided by Apple. Objective-C is also well-known for its clearer codes and descriptive arrangements.

4. C#

C# is the recommended and default language used for Windows phones. It is an object-oriented language, much like Objective-C and Java. This language was developed as an offshoot of the classical C-type languages, which makes it a relatively simple language to understand if developers have a background in basic programming language. Although it is based on C and C++, there are unique features that C# offers. Microsoft operations depend on this programming language and it is thus used around the world.

5. PHP

The last of the five important app development programming languages is PHP. This programming language was created exclusively for developing web based applications. PHP isn’t a device specific programming language. It runs solely on the server. It’s ideal for creating interfaces for mobile applications. The overall purpose of the PHP programming code is to simplify the codes and functions that other languages provide.



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